The impact of socio-demographic features on anxiety and depression amongst navy veterans after retirement: a cross-sectional study

BMC Res Notes. 2020 Mar 3;13(1):122. doi: 10.1186/s13104-020-04966-x.


Objective: Retirement from work may trigger various changes in everyday life that affect mental health. The current cross-sectional study, conducted with 231 veterans, examines the relationship between socio-demographic features and both anxiety and depression in navy veterans after retirement. Spielberg's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used for anxiety assessment, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used for depression assessment. The analysis was performed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 20.0.

Results: It was found that the mean score of state anxiety was 41 and trait anxiety, 38. Severe depression was found in 6.5% of the veterans, moderate in 8.3% and mild in 21.7%. The presence of a serious health problems was an independent predictor of both anxiety and depression's more serious symptoms. Inversely, the stability in terms of retirement choice was negatively related to depression, while the development of new interests and activities after retirement was negatively related to both anxiety and depression. Further, life satisfaction after retirement was a predictor of lower current anxiety levels among veterans.

Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; Navy; Retirement; Veterans.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Greece
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health / standards
  • Mental Health / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Personnel / psychology*
  • Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data
  • Retirement / psychology*
  • Retirement / statistics & numerical data
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Veterans / psychology*
  • Veterans / statistics & numerical data