Purpose: To report the outcome and distal access patency of the Subintimal Arterial Flossing with Antegrade-Retrograde Intervention (SAFARI) technique for chronic total occlusion (CTO) in critical limb ischemia (CLI).
Materials and methods: From January 2009 to June 2015, 220 SAFARI procedures were performed for 200 limbs in 191 patients (108 males [56.5%]; median age, 70 years old; range, 36 to 97 years old) with CLI (9.4% were Fontaine classification 3; and 90.6% were Fontaine classification 4). Distal access was obtained from the distal superficial femoral artery (n = 6), popliteal artery (n = 49), anterior tibial artery (n = 56), dorsalis pedis (n = 51), peroneal artery (n = 12), posterior tibial artery (n = 45), and lateral plantar artery (n = 1). Distal access hemostasis was obtained with internal balloon tamponade in 71.4% (n = 157). Outcome measurements were technical success, freedom from major amputation and complications. Preprocedural angiograms of clinically driven repeat interventions were reviewed in 73 cases for distal access patency.
Results: Technical success was achieved in 80.5% (n = 177). Reasons for technical failure include inability to obtain distal access (n = 3), cross the occlusion retrogradely (n = 16), re-enter the true lumen (n = 9), and achieve antegrade blood flow after the procedure (n = 15). Freedom from major amputation for technically successful procedures was 84.7%, 82.9%, and 81.9% at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. There were 3 cases of distal access bleeding with 1case that required coil embolization. The distal access remained patent in 80.8% of observable cases with repeated endovascular intervention.
Conclusions: Distal retrograde arterial access (SAFARI) technique is safe and effective in the treatment of CTOs in the context of CLI, after failure of antegrade revascularization.
Copyright © 2019 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.