Outcome and Distal Access Patency in Subintimal Arterial Flossing with Antegrade-Retrograde Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusions in Lower Extremity Critical Limb Ischemia

J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2020 Apr;31(4):601-606. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2019.12.006. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Abstract

Purpose: To report the outcome and distal access patency of the Subintimal Arterial Flossing with Antegrade-Retrograde Intervention (SAFARI) technique for chronic total occlusion (CTO) in critical limb ischemia (CLI).

Materials and methods: From January 2009 to June 2015, 220 SAFARI procedures were performed for 200 limbs in 191 patients (108 males [56.5%]; median age, 70 years old; range, 36 to 97 years old) with CLI (9.4% were Fontaine classification 3; and 90.6% were Fontaine classification 4). Distal access was obtained from the distal superficial femoral artery (n = 6), popliteal artery (n = 49), anterior tibial artery (n = 56), dorsalis pedis (n = 51), peroneal artery (n = 12), posterior tibial artery (n = 45), and lateral plantar artery (n = 1). Distal access hemostasis was obtained with internal balloon tamponade in 71.4% (n = 157). Outcome measurements were technical success, freedom from major amputation and complications. Preprocedural angiograms of clinically driven repeat interventions were reviewed in 73 cases for distal access patency.

Results: Technical success was achieved in 80.5% (n = 177). Reasons for technical failure include inability to obtain distal access (n = 3), cross the occlusion retrogradely (n = 16), re-enter the true lumen (n = 9), and achieve antegrade blood flow after the procedure (n = 15). Freedom from major amputation for technically successful procedures was 84.7%, 82.9%, and 81.9% at 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. There were 3 cases of distal access bleeding with 1case that required coil embolization. The distal access remained patent in 80.8% of observable cases with repeated endovascular intervention.

Conclusions: Distal retrograde arterial access (SAFARI) technique is safe and effective in the treatment of CTOs in the context of CLI, after failure of antegrade revascularization.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amputation
  • Chronic Disease
  • Critical Illness
  • Endovascular Procedures* / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / diagnostic imaging
  • Ischemia / physiopathology
  • Ischemia / therapy*
  • Limb Salvage
  • Lower Extremity / blood supply*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / physiopathology
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease / therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Patency*