Frequent Import and Multiple Sources of Dengue Fever have Changed the Epidemic Situation of the Disease in Fujian Province, China

Biomed Environ Sci. 2020 Feb 20;33(2):123-132. doi: 10.3967/bes2020.016.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to update the epidemic situation of dengue fever (DF) and provide new insights for the consideration of disease control in Fujian province, China.

Methods: Details about DF cases in Fujian reported during 2004-2017 were collected and analyzed. The envelope (E) genes of isolates of dengue virus (DENV) were sequenced for phylogenetic analysis.

Results: The number of imported DF cases had increased dramatically since 2013, and the source regions expanded from Southeast Asia to South Asia, America, Oceania, and Africa, as well as the surrounding provinces. This resulted in local outbreaks and indigenous cases of DF that occurred more frequently, with 10 of 13 local outbreaks and 85.9% (1,252/1,458) of indigenous cases reported in 2013-2017. Compared with only two coastal cities before 2013, four coastal and one inland city in 2013-2017 experienced the local DF outbreaks. The phylogenetic analysis of E genes confirmed that the import of DENV, not only from abroad but also from the surrounding provinces, played an important role in dissemination and local outbreaks of DF in Fujian.

Conclusions: The frequent import of DF cases from not only abroad but also the surrounding provinces resulted in increased incidence, frequent local outbreaks, and expansion of distribution in Fujian in recent years. There is a need for urgent measures to improve disease control in this province.

Keywords: Dengue fever; Dengue virus; Epidemic; Phylogenetic analysis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • China / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases, Imported / epidemiology*
  • Communicable Diseases, Imported / virology
  • Dengue / epidemiology*
  • Dengue / virology
  • Dengue Virus / physiology
  • Epidemics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Young Adult