Evaluation of Ultrasound-guided 8-Gauge Vacuum-assisted Excision System for the Removal of US-detectable Breast Lesions

Anticancer Res. 2020 Mar;40(3):1719-1729. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.14125.


Aim: To assess the ability of ultrasound (US)-guided vacuum-assisted breast excision (VAE) to remove Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) ≥3 breast lesions in order to analyze US features most frequently associated with complete excision.

Materials and methods: A total of 266 BI-RADS ≥3 lesions without microcalcifications underwent US-VAE. US-VAE and gold standard pathological results were compared. US features of lesions were analyzed.

Results: The complete excision rate was 93.61%; the VAE agreement rate was 99.62%. Circumscribed margins, regular shape, parallel orientation, and the absence of posterior features were favorable US features associated with complete excision. Lesions completely excised were: BI-RADS 3 ≤21.10 mm and BI-RADS 4 ≤18.70 mm with one unfavorable US characteristic, and BI-RADS 4 lesions ≤13.5 mm with two unfavorable US features hindered complete removal. Two atypical ductal hyperplasias (<10 mm, one unfavorable feature) and eight ductal carcinomas in situ (≤8.7 mm, one/two unfavorable features) were completely removed.

Conclusion: US-VAE is highly accurate for diagnostic purpose and, in some cases, highly successful for complete lesion excision. This success also depends on the US characteristics and size of the lesion.

Keywords: Vacuum-assisted excision; breast cancer; breast lesions; lesions of uncertain malignant potential; ultrasound; vacuum-assisted breast biopsy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Breast / pathology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography, Mammary / methods*
  • Young Adult