Defining Trained Immunity and Its Role in Health and Disease

Nat Rev Immunol. 2020 Jun;20(6):375-388. doi: 10.1038/s41577-020-0285-6. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Abstract

Immune memory is a defining feature of the acquired immune system, but activation of the innate immune system can also result in enhanced responsiveness to subsequent triggers. This process has been termed 'trained immunity', a de facto innate immune memory. Research in the past decade has pointed to the broad benefits of trained immunity for host defence but has also suggested potentially detrimental outcomes in immune-mediated and chronic inflammatory diseases. Here we define 'trained immunity' as a biological process and discuss the innate stimuli and the epigenetic and metabolic reprogramming events that shape the induction of trained immunity.

Publication types

  • Review