Background: Pruritus (itch) is a cardinal symptom in atopic dermatitis (AD).
Objective: To evaluate the timing and effect of dupilumab on itch.
Methods: Analysis of data from 1505 patients with moderate to severe AD included in 4 randomized controlled studies, treated for up to 52 weeks. Adults received dupilumab 300 mg every 2 weeks or placebo monotherapy (SOLO 1: NCT02277743; SOLO 2: NCT02277769), with concomitant topical corticosteroids (CHRONOS: NCT02260986); adolescents (≥12 to <18 y) were treated with dupilumab monotherapy every 2 weeks (200 mg for baseline weight of <60 kg; 300 mg for baseline weight of ≥60 kg) or placebo (AD ADOL: NCT03054428).
Results: Dupilumab showed significant rapid improvements from baseline in daily Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale scores versus placebo, by day 2 in adults and day 5 in adolescents. At treatment end, dupilumab vs placebo/control had greater least-squares mean percent change from baseline in the weekly average of Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale scores: SOLO -47.5% vs -20.5%; AD-ADOL -47.9% vs -19.0%; CHRONOS -57.3% vs -30.9% (P < .0001 for all).
Limitations: Short duration of monotherapy trials (16 weeks).
Conclusion: Across 4 randomized trials, dupilumab treatment showed rapid and sustained improvements in the magnitude of itch, starting with first dose; responses progressively increased and were sustained through to the end of treatment, up to 1 year.
Keywords: CHRONOS; LIBERTY; SOLO; adolescents; adults; atopic dermatitis; dupilumab; itch.
Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.