Bezoar in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: A single center experience

Turk J Gastroenterol. 2020 Feb;31(2):85-90. doi: 10.5152/tjg.2020.18890.


Background/aims: We aimed to investigate the association of bezoar with endoscopic findings, risk factors for bezoar occurrence, and the success of endoscopic treatment in a tertiary center.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2012 and December 2015. Overall, 8200 endoscopy records were examined and 66 patients with bezoar were included in the study.

Results: We enrolled 29 (44%) female and 37 (56%) male patients in this study. The mean age of the patients was 63±9.4 years. The most frequent risk factors were history of gastrointestinal surgery (23%), diabetes mellitus (17%), trichophagia (9%), and anxiety disorder (6%). Gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, erosive gastritis, and reflux esophagitis were present in 27%, 11%, 20%, and 23% of the patients, respectively. While bezoars were most commonly observed in the stomach (70%), the majority of them were phytobezoars (91%). The mean number of interventions for each patient was 1.5 (range, 1-6). Endoscopy was successful in removing bezoars in 86.5% of the patients. Among those referred to surgery, seven patients underwent gastrostomy (10.5%); one (1.5%) patient underwent gastroenterostomy because of concomitant pyloric stenosis; and one (1.5%) patient underwent fistula repair surgery due to the development of duodenal fistula caused by bezoar.

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that bezoars are more common among subjects with history of gastrointestinal surgery, diabetes mellitus, or psychiatric disorders; bezoars are closely related to peptic ulcer and reflux esophagitis; and they can be successfully treated with endoscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bezoars / surgery*
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Tract / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome