Background: As a cell-based therapeutic, AT-MSCs need to create an immuno-reparativeenvironment appropriate for tissue repair. In the presence of injury, MSCs may have to proliferate and face inflammation. Clinical application requires repeated administrations of a high number of cellswith a well-established immune profile. Methods: We have established an immuno-comparative screening by determining the expression of 28 molecules implicated in immune regulation. This screening was performed during cell-expansion and inflammatory priming of AT-MSCs. Results: Our study confirms that AT-MSCs are highly expandable and sensitive to inflammation. Both conditions have substantially modulated the expression of a panel of immunological marker. Specifically, CD34 expression was substantially decreased upon cell-passaging. HLA-ABC, CD40 CD54, CD106, CD274 and CD112 were significantly increased by inflammation. In vitro cell-expansion also significantly altered the expression profile of HLA-DR, CD40, CD62L, CD106, CD166, HLA-G, CD200, HO-1, CD155 and ULBP-3. Conclusion: This study points out the response and characteristics of MSCs following expansion and inflammatory priming. It will strength our knowledge about the molecular mechanisms that may improve or hamper the therapeutic potential of MSCs. These immunological changes need to be further characterized to guarantee a safe cellular product with consistent quality and high therapeutic efficacy.
Keywords: adipose tissue; cellular therapy; immune‐biology; in vitro expansion; inflammation; mesenchymal stromal cells; screen; tissue repair.