The efficacy of an immune checkpoint blockade has been demonstrated against various types of cancer, but its suitability has not been fully proven for therapies specifically targeting sarcoma. We conducted a pan-cancer tumor data analysis to identify key immune-related variables strongly associated with sarcoma prognosis, and we explored whether these expected factors are functionally correlated with anti-PD-1 therapy in humanized (Hu) NOD.Cg-PrkdcscidIl2rgtm1Wjl/SzJ (NSG) mice xenografted with dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS). We found that an abundance of hCD8+ T cells and hNK cells was functionally associated with anti-PD-1 effects in the Hu-NSG DDLPS mice. Phenotypically, these cells were shown to be hCD8+IFNγ+, hCD8+PD-1+, hCD8+Ki-67+, hCD56+IFNγ+, hCD56+PD-1+, and hCD56+Ki-67+ cells and were enriched in splenocytes and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) of Hu-NSG DDLPS mice treated with anti-PD-1 antibody. Moreover, a considerable increase in activated hCD56+NKp46+NKG2D+ NK cells was also detected. Our findings suggest that hCD8+ T and hNK subsets play a pivotal role in anti-DDLPS tumor effects of anti-PD-1 therapy. The results provide clinical reference for advanced anti-PD-1 therapy targeting sarcoma tumors including DDLPS.
Keywords: Anti-PD-1 antibody; Dedifferentiated liposarcoma; Humanized mouse model; Immunotherapy; Patient-derived xenograft.
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