May-Thurner syndrome, also known as iliac vein compression syndrome, may cause symptoms of venous hypertension and is a predisposing factor for the development of iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Iliofemoral DVT is associated with high rates of development of postthrombotic syndrome, a potentially debilitating condition associated with development of symptoms related to venous outflow obstruction and resulting in reduced quality of life. In this Clinics article, we review procedural intervention with catheter-directed thrombolysis and stenting for iliofemoral DVT and iliac vein compression.
Keywords: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT); Iliac vein compression syndrome; Iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT); May-Thurner syndrome; Proximal deep vein thrombosis; Venous stenting.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.