Objectives: Breast cancer susceptibility gene 1/2 (BRCA1/2) is a promising tumor marker in many types of cancer. However, the methylation frequency of BRCA1/2 gene with occurrence risk and survival benefit of patients with breast carcinoma remains controversy. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between BRCA1/2 gene promoter methylation and the occurrence and prognosis in breast carcinoma based on a meta-analysis, meanwhile, this article explored the differential expression levels of BRCA1/2 gene promoter methylation in peripheral blood and tumor tissues of breast cancer patients.
Methods: Electronic databases (PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, and CNKI) were searched up to June 2019. The number of BRCA1/2 promoter methylation-positive and -negative patients in breast carcinoma patients were measured, and hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for the association between BRCA1/2 gene promoter methylation and the prognosis of breast carcinoma patients. Primary end points were presence of breast cancer, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS). Statistical analysis was performed with STATA 12.0.
Results and conclusions: Fifty-eight articles including 19,084 individuals met full eligibility criteria. We observed that the frequency of BRCA1 gene promoter methylation was higher in breast cancer tissues compared with normal tissues, and the prognostic analysis suggested that BRCA1 gene promoter methylation was significantly associated with poor overall survival and poor disease-free survival. This study also verified that there was no statistically significant difference in the methylation frequency of BRCA1 gene promoter between peripheral blood and tumor tissues in breast cancer patients, which suggests that the detection of BRCA1 promoter methylation in peripheral blood may be a non-invasive and rapid way to monitor the occurrence breast cancer.