Solvent Dependence of the Rheological Properties in Hydrogel Magnetorheological Plastomer

Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Mar 5;21(5):1793. doi: 10.3390/ijms21051793.

Abstract

Chemically crosslinked hydrogel magnetorheological (MR) plastomer (MRP) embedded with carbonyl iron particles (CIPs) exhibits excellent magnetic performance (MR effect) in the presence of external stimuli especially magnetic field. However, oxidation and desiccation in hydrogel MRP due to a large amount of water content as a dispersing phase would limit its usage for long-term applications, especially in industrial engineering. In this study, different solvents such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) are also used to prepare polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogel MRP. Thus, to understand the dynamic viscoelastic properties of hydrogel MRP, three different samples with different solvents: water, DMSO, and their binary mixtures (DMSO/water) were prepared and systematically carried out using the oscillatory shear. The outcomes demonstrate that the PVA hydrogel MRP prepared from precursor gel with water shows the highest MR effect of 15,544% among the PVA hydrogel MRPs. However, the samples exhibit less stability and tend to oxidise after a month. Meanwhile, the samples with binary mixtures (DMSO/water) show an acceptable MR effect of 11,024% with good stability and no CIPs oxidation. Otherwise, the sample with DMSO has the lowest MR effect of 7049% and less stable compared to the binary solvent samples. This confirms that the utilisation of DMSO as a new solvent affects the rheological properties and stability of the samples.

Keywords: corrosion; dimethyl sulfoxide; hydrogel; magnetorheological plastomer; polyvinyl alcohol.

MeSH terms

  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible / chemistry*
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide / chemistry*
  • Hydrogels / chemistry*
  • Magnetic Fields*
  • Polyvinyl Alcohol / chemistry*
  • Rheology*
  • Solvents / chemistry*

Substances

  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible
  • Hydrogels
  • Solvents
  • Polyvinyl Alcohol
  • Dimethyl Sulfoxide