Purpose: To report outcomes of sutured and sutureless closure for gastroschisis across a large multi-institutional cohort.
Methods: A retrospective study of infants with uncomplicated gastroschisis at 11 children's from 2014 to 2016 was performed. Outcomes of sutured and sutureless abdominal wall closure were compared.
Results: Among 315 neonates with uncomplicated gastroschisis, sutured closure was performed in 248 (79%); 212 undergoing sutured closure after silo and 36 undergoing primary sutured closure. Sutureless closure was performed in 67 (21%); 37 primary sutureless closure, 30 sutureless closure after silo placement. There was no significant difference in gestational age, gender, birth weight, total days on TPN, and time from closure to initial oral intake or goal feeds. Sutureless closure patients had less general anesthetics, ventilator use/time, time from birth to final closure, antibiotic use after closure, and surgical site/deep space infections. Subgroup analysis demonstrated primary sutureless closure had less ventilator use and anesthetics than primary sutured closure. Sutureless closure after silo led to less ventilator use/time, anesthetics, and antibiotics compared to those with sutured closure after silo.
Conclusion: Sutureless abdominal wall closure of neonates with gastroschisis was associated with less general anesthetics, antibiotic use, surgical site/deep space infections, and decreased ventilator time. These findings support further prospective study by our group.
Level of evidence: Level III.
Keywords: Anesthesia; Gastroschisis; Neonate; Silo; Sutureless closure; Ventilator.
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