Analysis of satisfaction and surgical outcomes of a major ambulatory surgery program for penile implant

Actas Urol Esp (Engl Ed). 2020 Jun;44(5):262-267. doi: 10.1016/j.acuro.2019.09.004. Epub 2020 Mar 6.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction and objective: Penile prosthesis (PP) surgery is performed in many institutions as an inpatient procedure. We have recently initiated a major ambulatory surgery (MAS) program, thus reducing the hospital stay. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, complications and satisfaction of the implantation of outpatient surgery PP program in our hospital.

Material and methods: Retrospective observational study evaluating the results and satisfaction of PP implanted as an outpatient procedure in Bellvitge University Hospital during 2018.

Results: During 2018 we implanted 49 PP: 27 (55%) inpatient surgeries vs. 22 (45%) outpatient surgeries. Of these 22, 2 (9%) were second implants. All patients underwent both general anesthesia and crural, proximal dorsal nerve and transversus abdominis plane block (TAP). Complication rates between inpatient and outpatient procedures were similar, 2 (7%) and 1 (5%), respectively, without reporting infections or requiring PP removal. Postoperatively, a satisfaction telephone survey was conducted in 19 (86%) patients: 16 (84%) considered the time of hospital stay as appropriate, 15 (79%) would have preferred to be operated again in an outpatient care setting and 15 (79%) would recommend it. The patients' main concerns were related to being at home with no medical assistance at home and about coming back the next day for drainage removal. All patients reported well-controlled pain without requiring opioid intake in any case.

Conclusions: In our series, PP implantation in an ambulatory care setting is feasible and safe. Although there are some aspects that should be improved, the program showed acceptable satisfaction rates and an adequate postoperative pain control, neither raising the administration of opioids, nor increasing complications and re-admission rates.

Keywords: Analgesia; Cirugía mayor ambulatoria; Outpatient surgery; Penile prosthesis; Prótesis de pene.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Penile Implantation* / adverse effects
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Program Evaluation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome