Development of fermented chestnut with Bacillus natto: Functional and sensory properties

Food Res Int. 2020 Apr;130:108941. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108941. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Abstract

Food fermentation can improve food nutritional value and sensory performance, it is considered as an ecofriendly bioprocessing technology. In this work, a fermented natto chestnut food was firstly developed and its active ingredients and functional properties were systematically studied. Through systematic experimental screening, including a single factor experiment and Box-Behnken design, the fermentation parameters of chestnut were optimized and selected. Under the optimal fermentation conditions, fermentation time 56 h, temperature 38 ℃ and 5% inoculum concentration, the fibrinolytic activity of the natto-chestnut reached 6479 IU/g. Meanwhile, higher antioxidant activity of the natto-chestnut was obtained due to the increased contents of total phenolic, total flavonoid and VC. In addition, α-glucosidase inhibition activity was also improved in the natto-chestnut. These results indicated that fermented chestnut could be a new dietary supplement with higher quality and better activities for people's health.

Keywords: Active ingredients; Bacillus natto; Chestnut; Fermentation; Functional properties.