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. 2020 Apr 24;83(4):1217-1228.
doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b01265. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

4β-Hydroxywithanolide E From Goldenberry (Whole Fruits of Physalis peruviana L.) as a Promising Agent Against Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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4β-Hydroxywithanolide E From Goldenberry (Whole Fruits of Physalis peruviana L.) as a Promising Agent Against Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Wen-Jing Yang et al. J Nat Prod. .

Abstract

Environmental toxicant- and oxidant-induced [e.g., cigarette smoke (CS)] respiratory oxidative stress and inflammatory response play a vital role in the onset and progression of COPD. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) represents an important mechanism for regulating intracellular oxidative stress and inflammatory response and is a promising target for developing agents against COPD. Herein, a bioactivity-guided purification of goldenberry (whole fruits of Physalis peruviana L.) led to the isolation of a novel and potent Nrf2 activator 4β-hydroxywithanolide E (4β-HWE). Our study indicated that (i) 4β-HWE activated the Nrf2-mediated defensive response through interrupting Nrf2-Keap1 protein-protein interaction (PPI) via modification of Cys151 and Cys288 cysteine residues in Keap1 and accordingly suppressing the ubiquitination of Nrf2. (ii) 4β-HWE enhanced intracellular antioxidant capacity and inhibited oxidative stress in normal human lung epithelial Beas-2B cells and wild-type AB zebrafish. (iii) 4β-HWE blocked LPS-stimulated inflammatory response and inhibited LPS-stimulated NF-κB activation in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. (iv) 4β-HWE effectively suppressed oxidative stress and inflammatory response in a CS-induced mice model of pulmonary injury. Collectively, these results display the feasibility of using 4β-HWE to prevent or alleviate the pathological progression of COPD and suggest that 4β-HWE is a candidate or a leading molecule against COPD.

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