Absolute bioavailability of cefixime in man

J Clin Pharmacol. 1988 Aug;28(8):700-6. doi: 10.1002/j.1552-4604.1988.tb03203.x.


In a four-way cross-over study, the absolute bioavailability of cefixime was determined in 16 healthy volunteers. Each subject received a single 200-mg dose as an intravenous (IV) and oral solution, and 200-mg and 400-mg capsule doses of the drug. Blood and urine samples were collected for 24 hours after each dose. Cefixime was well tolerated after IV and oral doses of the drug and no serious drug-related adverse effects were observed. The maximal serum concentration (Cmax) of cefixime following the 200-mg oral solution and 200-mg and 400-mg capsule doses were 3.22, 2.92, and 4.84 micrograms/mL, respectively. Mean area under the serum concentration time curves (AUC) following the IV, 200-mg oral solution, and 200-mg and 400-mg capsule doses were 47.0, 26.0, 23.6, and 39.4 micrograms.hr/mL, respectively. Mean elimination half-life values of the drug were comparable after oral and IV doses, ranging from 3.2 to 3.5 hours. Based on serum AUC values, the absolute bioavailability of cefixime was 52.3%, 47.9%, and 40.2% after the 200-mg oral solution, 200-mg capsule and 400-mg capsule doses, respectively. Respective ratios based on 24-hour urinary recovery data were 44.7%, 41.7%, and 40.5%. Therefore, the results show that the percent of cefixime adsorbed after 200-mg and 400-mg oral doses was similar.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Biological Availability
  • Cefixime
  • Cefotaxime / administration & dosage
  • Cefotaxime / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cefotaxime / pharmacokinetics
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Models, Biological
  • Protein Binding


  • Cefixime
  • Cefotaxime