Exposure-response characterisation of tildrakizumab in chronic plaque psoriasis: Pooled analysis of 3 randomised controlled trials

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Sep;86(9):1795-1806. doi: 10.1111/bcp.14280. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Abstract

Aims: In this exposure-response analysis, the dosing regimen for tildrakizumab, an antibody for treating moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis, was determined using data from 3 randomised controlled trials (P05495/NCT01225731: phase 2b, n = 355; reSURFACE 1/NCT01722331: phase 3, n = 772; reSURFACE 2/NCT01729754: phase 3, n = 1090).

Methods: A maximum drug effect (Emax ) logistic-regression exposure-efficacy model was used to describe the week 12 Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) responses with average concentration of tildrakizumab during weeks 1-12 (Cavg12 ) as exposure metric. The impact of covariates (e.g., body weight, region) was tested. Exposure-safety, longitudinal pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic and risk-benefit analyses were also conducted.

Results: At week 12, Emax was estimated at 62.2, 37.9 and 14.6% of responders for PASI75/90/100, respectively. Exposure-response curves plateaued at exposures >5 μg mL-1 . Heavier subjects had a lower response rate to placebo as measured by PASI75/90/100 than lighter subjects. PASI100 placebo response was less in subjects with higher baseline PASI score and older age. Simulated week 12 PASI75 increased by ≤4% on increasing the dose from 100 to 200 mg every 12 weeks (Q12W). The pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model adequately described the time course of PASI change after treatment in the entire population and in each subject. Risk-benefit profiles were favourable for the 100- and 200-mg doses in different weight subgroups.

Conclusions: Patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis should receive 100-mg subcutaneous tildrakizumab Q12W. Patients with high body weight (>90 kg) may benefit from a higher dose (200-mg Q12W).

Keywords: dermatology; modelling and simulation; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic; psoriasis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01729754
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01225731
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01722331