Direct Endoscopic Full-Thickness Resection for Submucosal Tumors With an Intraluminal Growth Pattern Originating From the Muscularis Propria Layer in the Gastric Fundus

BMC Gastroenterol. 2020 Mar 12;20(1):70. doi: 10.1186/s12876-020-01215-0.

Abstract

Background and aims: Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) is difficult to perform in a retroflexed fashion in the gastric fundus. The present study aims at exploring whether direct EFTR can be a simple, effective and safe procedure to treat intraluminal-growth submucosal tumors originating from the muscularis propria.

Methods: The patients with intraluminal-growth submucosal tumors originating from the muscularis propria in gastric fundus treated by direct EFTR between 01 January 2017 and 01 September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. In addition, we analyzed the patients with intraluminal-growth submucosal tumors originating from the muscularis propria in gastric fundus treated by traditional EFTR. The differences in tumor resection time, cost-effectiveness, and complication rate were evaluated.

Results: Forty patients were enrolled in the present study, 20 patients of which were in the direct EFTR group and 20 patients of which were in the traditional EFTR group. En-bloc resections of gastric tumors were successfully performed in all 40 cases. There was no significant difference in the average tumor size of the two groups (24.3 ± 2.9 mm in direct EFTR group verus 24.0 ± 2.6 mm in the traditional group, p = 0.731), but significant difference existed in the operative time between two groups (35.0 ± 8.2 min in direct EFTR group verus 130.6 ± 51.9 min in the traditional group, p<0.05). No complications, such as postoperative bleeding and perforation, occurred in any groups.

Conclusions: Direct EFTR is a safe, simple and cost-effective procedure for SMTs with an intraluminal growth pattern originating from the muscularis propria layer in the gastric fundus.

Keywords: Endoscopic full thickness resection; Gastric submucosal tumor; Over the scope clip.