Aim: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPIs) improved progression-free survival among patients with recurrent ovarian cancer. This meta-analysis examined the effectiveness of PARPIs as maintenance strategy for newly diagnosed patients with advanced high-grade ovarian cancer with or without mutations. Materials & methods: Using defined selection criteria, a literature search identified four eligible randomized clinical trials involving 2386 patients. Results: Compared with placebo maintenance, PARPIs achieved a 46% reduction in the risk of progression or death as compared with placebo (hazard ratio: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.39-0.73; p < 0.0001). That benefit was shown in all clinical subgroups: among those with BRCA mutation, with negative/unknown BRCA mutation, and in those with homologous recombination deficient tumors. Data about the effect on overall survival are still premature. Conclusion: In patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer, PARPIs maintenance after standard therapy achieved a significant improvement in progression-free survival as compared with placebo, overall and in all subgroups.
Keywords: PARP inhibitors; advanced; maintenance; metastatic; newly diagnosed; ovarian cancer.