Soluble angiotensin-converting enzyme 2: a potential approach for coronavirus infection therapy?

Clin Sci (Lond). 2020 Mar 13;134(5):543-545. doi: 10.1042/CS20200163.

Abstract

A new coronavirus, referred to as SARS-CoV-2, is responsible for the recent outbreak of severe respiratory disease. This outbreak first detected in Wuhan, China in December 2019, has spread to other regions of China and to 25 other countries as of January, 2020. It has been known since the 2003 SARS epidemic that the receptor critical for SARS-CoV entry into host cells is the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The S1 domain of the spike protein of SARS-CoV attaches the virus to its cellular receptor ACE2 on the host cells. We thought that it is timely to explain the connection between the SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, ACE2 and the rationale for soluble ACE2 as a potential therapy.

Keywords: 2019 Novel Coronavirus; Coronavirus; angiotensin converting enzyme 2.

Publication types

  • Letter
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2
  • Animals
  • Betacoronavirus / pathogenicity*
  • COVID-19
  • Cell Line
  • Coronavirus Infections / drug therapy*
  • Haplorhini
  • Humans
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A* / physiology
  • Pneumonia, Viral / drug therapy*
  • Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use
  • SARS Virus / pathogenicity*
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Solubility
  • Virus Attachment*
  • Virus Replication

Substances

  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
  • ACE2 protein, human
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2

Supplementary concepts

  • COVID-19 drug treatment