Yoga as a Complementary and Alternative Therapy in Children with Hematologic and Oncologic Disease

J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2020 Jul/Aug;37(4):278-283. doi: 10.1177/1043454220909787. Epub 2020 Mar 13.


A diagnosis of a hematologic or oncologic disease in a child can be stressful for the patient and the family. Yoga as an intervention has been reported to decrease stress in adults diagnosed with chronic disorders but few studies have been reported with children and their families. A convenience sample of patients diagnosed with cancer or a blood disorder (ages 7-17 years) and their caregivers was selected to participate in a single bedside yoga class. Participants were surveyed pre and post yoga with the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Scale. Children were also surveyed pre and post yoga with the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale. Children had a significant decrease in pain post yoga but no change in anxiety. Adolescents and parents had a significant decrease in anxiety post yoga intervention.

Keywords: anxiety; oncology; pain; pediatrics; yoga.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety / prevention & control
  • Child
  • Fatigue / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Neoplasms / rehabilitation*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Survivors / psychology*
  • Yoga / psychology*