The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak: What we know

Int J Infect Dis. 2020 May;94:44-48. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.004. Epub 2020 Mar 12.


There is a current worldwide outbreak of the novel coronavirus Covid-19 (coronavirus disease 2019; the pathogen called SARS-CoV-2; previously 2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 6 continents including 66 countries, as of 24:00 on March 2, 2020. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak from spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak site and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatments and preventions of this new type of coronavirus.

Keywords: Clinical features; CoVID-19; Coronavirus; Diagnosis; Epidemiology; Managements strategies; SARS-CoV-2; Treatments.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus* / genetics
  • COVID-19
  • China / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Phylogeny
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology*
  • SARS-CoV-2