Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence, incidence, and medication treatment of depression and anxiety among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL and PsycINFO for full-length studies that: utilized an observational design; included patients with PsA with/without a comparator group; evaluated depression and/or anxiety as an outcome, comorbidity, or predictor of a health outcome; and reported relevant estimates. We pooled estimates using random effects models.
Results: Of 683 titles identified in our search, 18 studies met inclusion criteria. The pooled prevalence proportion for depression based on 11 studies was 17% (95% confidence interval [CI], 13% to 21%). In addition, a meta-analysis of four studies comparing the prevalence of depression in patients with PsA to those without PsA yielded a pooled odds ratio (OR) of 1.68 (95% CI, 1.37 to 2.08). The incidence of depression in PsA patients compared to the general population yielded a pooled incidence rate of 21.27 (95% CI, 16.28 to 26.27) per 1,000 person-years and a pooled incidence rate ratio of 1.44 (95% CI, 1.20 to 1.73). The pooled prevalence proportion of anxiety based on seven studies was 19% (95% CI, 11% to 29%) and a meta-analysis of two studies comparing the prevalence of anxiety in patients with PsA to those without PsA yielded a pooled OR of 1.49 (95% CI, 1.39 to 1.59). Only a small proportion of patients, between 2.4% and 13.5%, were reported to be taking antidepressant or antianxiety medications.
Conclusions: We identified substantial prevalence of depression and anxiety as well as elevated incidence of depression among patients with PsA. These findings should raise awareness of the importance of mental health care in this population.
Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; Meta-analysis; Psoriatic arthritis; Systematic review.
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