Plutonium (IV) Quantification in Technologically Relevant Media Using Potentiometric Sensor Array

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Mar 13;20(6):1604. doi: 10.3390/s20061604.


The quantification of plutonium in technological streams during spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing is an important practical task that has to be solved to ensure the safety of the process. Currently applied methods are tedious, time-consuming and can hardly be implemented in on-line mode. A fast and simple quantitative plutonium (IV) analysis using a potentiometric sensor array based on extracting agents is suggested in this study. The response of the set of specially designed PVC-plasticized membrane sensors can be related to plutonium content in solutions simulating real SNF-reprocessing media through multivariate regression modeling, providing 30% higher precision of plutonium quantification than optical spectroscopy.

Keywords: PUREX; plutonium; potentiometric sensors; sensor array; spent nuclear fuel.