Real-Time Weld Quality Prediction Using a Laser Vision Sensor in a Lap Fillet Joint during Gas Metal Arc Welding

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Mar 14;20(6):1625. doi: 10.3390/s20061625.


Nondestructive test (NDT) technology is required in the gas metal arc (GMA) welding process to secure weld robustness and to monitor the welding quality in real-time. In this study, a laser vision sensor (LVS) is designed and fabricated, and an image processing algorithm is developed and implemented to extract precise laser lines on tested welds. A camera calibration method based on a gyro sensor is used to cope with the complex motion of the welding robot. Data are obtained based on GMA welding experiments at various welding conditions for the estimation of quality prediction models. Deep neural network (DNN) models are developed based on external bead shapes and welding conditions to predict the internal bead shapes and the tensile strengths of welded joints.

Keywords: camera calibration; deep neural network; gas metal arc welding; laser vision sensor; weld quality prediction.