Future of Rehabilitation Interventions for Rheumatic Patients in the Mediterranean Region

Mediterr J Rheumatol. 2017 Jun 27;28(2):70-74. doi: 10.31138/mjr.28.2.70. eCollection 2017 Jun.

Abstract

Chronic rheumatic diseases can commonly lead to significant physical disability, reduced health-related quality of life and high economic burden for the societies. In the last decades and despite the availability of novel, effective medical treatment for specific rheumatic diseases, rehabilitation interventions do have a pivot role in improving function and psychological status in these conditions. Several systematic reviews and evidence based management recommendations suggest nonpharmaceutical rehabilitation management as an adjunct to medical therapy. The composition of rehabilitative interventions may extensively vary including therapeutic exercise, patient education, occupational therapy, orthoses, assistive devices, work rehabilitation and physical modalities. Exercise therapy is the main component of non-pharmacological treatment and strongly recommended in international guidelines but currently there is no consensus regarding intensity, frequency, or type of rehabilitation program for patients with rheumatic diseases. So, rehabilitation should be designed on a patient-centered basis in the context of multidisciplinary approach.

Keywords: Mediterranean; rehabilitation; rheumatology.

Publication types

  • Review