Ten-year results of 55 dysplasia hips of hip offset and leg length reconstruction in total hip arthroplasty with cementless tapered stems having a high offset option designed for dysplastic femur

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2020 Jan-Apr;28(1):2309499020909499. doi: 10.1177/2309499020909499.


Purpose: In developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), the centers of hip rotation move in the superior and lateral direction. In total hip arthroplasty for such cases, movement of the center of hip rotation is in the inferior and medial direction. It causes an increase in leg length and a decrease in acetabular offset. We therefore evaluated the change of hip offset and leg length before and after surgery with two stems having a high offset option.

Patients and methods: The preoperative diagnosis was secondary osteoarthritis due to DDH excluded Crowe IV. A stem selection was decided based on preoperative two-dimensional templating. Total 55 hips in 50 patients were followed up for minimum 10 years. Pre- and postoperative clinical evaluations were performed using a hip joint function scoring system. Radiographic evaluations were used for offset and leg length measurements and other associated factors.

Results: Both stems showed excellent clinical results. A high offset option was used in 60% of all cases. No postoperative dislocations were observed. The biological fixation was stable in all cases. The hip offset was restored without excessive leg lengthening in most cases.

Conclusion: Anatomical consistency could be maintained by using a stem which matched geometry of the proximal part and had offset option. These cementless tapered stems having a high offset option are suitable for Crowe I to III hip dysplasia if two-dimensional X-ray templates fit the shape of the proximal femurs. They were associated with excellent clinical results and biological fixation. The offset option may be useful to adjust leg length and offset in DDH patients.

Keywords: dysplastic femur; hip offset; leg length; offset option.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip / complications
  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip / surgery*
  • Female
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Leg Length Inequality / etiology
  • Leg Length Inequality / prevention & control*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / etiology
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / surgery*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome