Disruption of cyclophilin A (CypA)-capsid interactions affects HIV-1 replication in human lymphocytes. To understand this mechanism, we utilize human Jurkat cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and CD4+ T cells. Our results show that inhibition of HIV-1 infection caused by disrupting CypA-capsid interactions is dependent on human tripartite motif 5α (TRIM5αhu), showing that TRIM5αhu restricts HIV-1 in CD4+ T cells. Accordingly, depletion of TRIM5αhu in CD4+ T cells rescues HIV-1 that fail to interact with CypA, such as HIV-1-P90A. We found that TRIM5αhu binds to the HIV-1 core. Disruption of CypA-capsid interactions fail to affect HIV-1-A92E/G94D infection, correlating with the loss of TRIM5αhu binding to HIV-1-A92E/G94D cores. Disruption of CypA-capsid interactions in primary cells has a greater inhibitory effect on HIV-1 when compared to Jurkat cells. Consistent with TRIM5α restriction, disruption of CypA-capsid interactions in CD4+ T cells inhibits reverse transcription. Overall, our results reveal that CypA binding to the core protects HIV-1 from TRIM5αhu restriction.
Keywords: CD4(+) T cells; CypA; HIV-1; TRIM5α(hu); capsid; core; cyclosporine A; restriction; reverse transcription; uncoating.
Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.