Development, validation and use of appropriate assessment tools for certification of entrustable professional activities in community medicine to produce a competent postgraduate: A pilot study

Indian J Public Health. Oct-Dec 2019;63(4):277-281. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_45_19.


Background: Adoption of competence-based medical education (CBME) is the need of the hour.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to develop and validate appropriate assessment tools for the community medicine entrustable professional activities (EPAs) and to assess the usefulness of the validated tools in the assessment of postgraduate (PG) students.

Methods: An interventional study for 14 months was done in the department of community medicine. After the sensitization of faculty members and PGs, three EPAs were selected through consensus between faculty members and appropriate assessment tools mini-clinical evaluation exercise (Mini-CEX), case-based discussion (CBD), and direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS). Rubrics of milestones were formulated for the selected tools, and the designed tools were validated. These three validated tools were used for the quarterly assessment.

Results: The item-content validity index for all three assessment tools was one, while Scale Content Validity Index for Mini-CEX and CBD were 1, and for DOPS, it was 0.87. Three PG students were assessed using the validated tools thrice for the three selected EPAs. The PGs opined that assessment using rubrics made their task-specific, while faculties were quite satisfied with the assessment process as it removed subjectivity.

Conclusions: The developed and selected tools of EPAs were found to have a substantial level of both face validity and content validity. The tools were also found to useful for periodic assessment in workplace settings and acceptable to both PG students and internal/external faculty members.

Keywords: Community medicine; India; competency-based medical education; postgraduate students.

MeSH terms

  • Certification / standards*
  • Community Medicine / standards*
  • Educational Measurement / methods*
  • Educational Measurement / standards
  • Humans
  • India
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reproducibility of Results