A critical review of new competency-based curriculum for community medicine using various curricular review frameworks

Indian J Public Health. Oct-Dec 2019;63(4):362-366. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_141_19.

Abstract

The purpose of the present review is to examine the new competency-based undergraduate curriculum in community medicine against the established frameworks and criteria and suggest the way forward for achieving competencies expected of the Indian Medical Graduate (IMG). The new Graduate Medical Education Regulations, 2018, is based on Harden's concept of the curriculum. Hence, we reviewed the components of new curriculum against Harden's conceptualization of various components of the curriculum, and since it claims it is competency-based, we used Tyler's Goal/Objective-Based Evaluation. The new undergraduate curriculum has shown a move toward integration of course content and defined the competencies in more measurable terms. However, it appears that the earlier information-based curriculum corresponding to book chapters ("topics") has been modified to specify higher cognitive domains with no explicit link between the IMG level curriculum outcomes to subject level intended learning outcomes (ILOs). The mechanism to link ILOs to assessment is also not clear and so needs more clarity. The assessment system hinted at in the current document is mostly based on the existing conventional system of 50% as pass cutoff, etc., against criterion-referenced assessment applicable to competencies that need to be performed. Furthermore, there is no guidance on the creation of educational opportunities and environment for students and faculty - perhaps it is left to "Curriculum Implementation Support Programme (CISP) Workshops." Hence, the need for preparing a roadmap/blueprint to learning experiences and assessment methods and levels and milestones to be reached at various phases of MBBS and during internship is required.

Keywords: Community medicine; Indian Medical Graduate; competency-based medical education; curriculum; undergraduate.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Community Medicine / education*
  • Competency-Based Education* / methods
  • Competency-Based Education* / organization & administration
  • Curriculum*
  • Humans