Rip locus: regulation of female-specific isozyme (I-P-450(16 alpha) of testosterone 16 alpha-hydroxylase in mouse liver, chromosome localization, and cloning of P-450 cDNA

Biochemistry. 1988 Aug 23;27(17):6434-43. doi: 10.1021/bi00417a035.


The constitutive expression of phenobarbital-inducible mouse cytochrome P-450 (I-P-450(16 alpha) at the mRNA level and its associated testosterone 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity in liver microsomes was a female characteristic in many inbred mice, including BALB/cJ, A/HeJ, and C57BL/6J. This sex-dependent constitutive expression of the mRNA and enzyme activity was severely reduced in females of mouse strain 129/J. The distribution patterns of the mRNA and activity levels in individual offspring of F1, F2, and F1 backcrosses to progenitors, generated from crosses between 129/J and BALB/cJ mice, indicated that the female-specific expression of I-P-450(16 alpha) is an autosomal dominant trait under the regulation of a sex-limited single locus. It was found that the genotypes of this locus exhibited concordance with that of the coumarin hydroxylase locus (Coh locus) in eight out of nine 9 X A recombinant inbred strains, suggesting the localization of this sex-limited locus on chromosome 7. We propose Rip (regulation of sex-dependent, constitutive expression of phenobarbital-inducible P-450) as the name of this sex-limited locus. With the use of the rat P-450e cDNA probe, a cDNA library from liver poly(A+) RNA of BALB/cJ was screened, and three distinct cDNAs (pf3, pf26, and pf46) were selected on the basis of their restriction patterns. Nucleotide sequences of the cDNAs revealed that pf3 and pf46 are clones overlapped, with the exception that the 27-bp DNA is inserted in the coding region of pf46. The nucleotide sequence (named pf3/46) obtained from the overlapping sequences of pf3 and pf46 contained 1473 or 1500 bp of open-reading frame, and the deduced amino acid sequence shared 93% similarity with those of rat P-450b. The 27-bp insertion resulted in nine extra amino acids just in front of the cysteine residue, the fifth ligand for heme binding. The mRNA with 27-bp insertion was ubiquitously present in other inbred mice such as A/HeJ and C57BL/6J, but not in 129/J. S-1 nuclease analysis estimated a ratio of p46 and pf3 to be 1:50. Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the 1473-bp open-reading frame in pf26 possessed 83% similarity to those of pf3/46. Hybridizations of oligonucleotide probes (pf26-cu and pf3/46-cu) specific to either pf26 or pf3/46 with liver poly(A+) RNA from males and females of BALB/cJ, 129/F, and F1 offspring demonstrated that the expression of pf26, but not pf3/46, mRNA was associated with the autosomal dominant inheritance of I-P-450(16 alpha).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids
  • Animals
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases*
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • DNA / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Genes*
  • Isoenzymes / genetics*
  • Liver / enzymology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sex Factors
  • Species Specificity
  • Steroid 16-alpha-Hydroxylase
  • Steroid Hydroxylases / genetics*


  • Amino Acids
  • Isoenzymes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • DNA
  • Steroid Hydroxylases
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • Steroid 16-alpha-Hydroxylase
  • testosterone 7-alpha-hydroxylase, hamster

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M21855
  • GENBANK/M21856