Y-320, a novel immune-modulator, inhibits IL-17 production by CD4+ T cells stimulated with IL-15. Its use in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis has been documented. However, no studies have be conducted to evaluate its application in cancer treatment either as mono or combined therapy. This study demonstrated that while Y-320 had little effect on multidrug resistance (MDR) cell lines, it induced remarkable injury to MDR tumor cells when concurrently administered with other chemotherapeutic agents. Concomitant use of Y-320 with a low dose of paclitaxel significantly sensitized MDR tumors by inducing G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis. Further analyses indicated that Y-320 was a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). It could inhibit P-gp efflux function without altering P-gp expression, and subsequently reverse P-gp mediated drug resistance in MDR cells. The co-administration of Y-320 and paclitaxel suppressed tumor growth remarkably with an inhibition rate of 77.1% compared to 6.5% in the paclitaxel monotherapy group in vivo. This co-treatment did not increase extra complications in MDR tumor xenograft models. Particularly, no significant changes in body weight and hepatorenal serology were observed with the co-treatment. In conclusion, our results confirm that Y-320 is a promising chemotherapy sensitizer for the first time. The co-administration of Y-320 and chemotherapeutic agents might be an effective and low-toxicity chemotherapeutic regime for the MDR tumor patients.
Keywords: P-glycoprotein; Y-320; chemotherapy sensitizer; combined therapy; multidrug resistance.
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