Telemedicine is the use of electronic communication technology to facilitate healthcare between distant providers and patients. In addition to synchronous video conferencing, asynchronous video transfer has been used to support care for neurology patients. There is a growing literature on using telemedicine in movement disorders, with the most common focus on Parkinson's disease. There is accumulating evidence for videoconferencing to diagnose and treat patients with hyperkinetic movement disorders and to support providers in remote underserviced areas. Cognitive testing has been shown to be feasible remotely. Genetic counseling and other counseling-based therapeutic interventions have also successfully performed in hyperkinetic movement disorders. We use a problem-based approach to review the current evidence for the use of telemedicine in various hyperkinetic movement disorders. This Viewpoint attempts to identify possible telemedicine solutions as well as discussing unmet needs and future directions.
Keywords: Telemedicine; hyperkinetic movement disorders; tremor; videoconferencing.
© 2020 Srinivasan R et al.