One explanation for why downstream gonadotropin protocol changes during IVF commonly arrive too late to have significant effects is that embryo development actually begins during oogenesis. Thus, efforts to modify the chromosomal status of blastocysts must address the ovarian milieu well in advance of follicular recruitment. A 42 year old woman with primary infertility of 3 year duration attended with her partner. Five previous IVF cycles had produced 20 embryos, but all had genetic abnormalities and no embryo transfer was performed. Karyotypes and all lab tests were normal for both partners. 3 months before her IVF here, she received isolated platelet-derived growth factors injected into both ovaries as a cell-free, enriched substrate. Genetic assessments were via whole genome amplification and DNA tagmentation and PCR adapter sequences. Comprehensive chromosomal screening was carried out by dual-indexed sequencing of pooled libraries on the MiSeq™ platform. From this IVF cycle one euploid 46, XY blastocyst was produced and vitrified on the day of trophectoderm biopsy. 9 days after frozen embryo transfer, serum human chorionic gonadotropin was 250 mIU/ml and a transvaginal ultrasound at 6 week gestation confirmed a single intrauterine pregnancy with fetal heart at 153/min. A healthy male infant was delivered by c-section at 39 weeks' gestation. While cellular and molecular events directing the oocyte-to-embryo transition are incompletely characterized, processes related to ovarian stem cell differentiation, mitochondrial dynamics, and mRNA storage, translation, and degradation likely are relevant. It appears that intraovarian application of autologous platelet-derived growth factors, when used before IVF, can impact oocyte integrity and facilitate euploid blastocyst development. Although research on intraovarian injection of autologous activated platelet rich plasma has already shown improved quantitative IVF responses, this is the first description of qualitative improvements in embryo genetics after intraovarian injection of autologous platelet-derived growth factors.
Keywords: Reproductive outcome; blastocyst; cytokines; ploidy.