Genetic Discrimination: The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act's Impact on Practice and Research

Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2020 Apr 1;24(2):135-137. doi: 10.1188/20.CJON.135-137.


The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA) provides federal safeguards to prohibit employer or insurance discrimination based on personal or familial genetic information or conditions. Awareness of the implications of genetic testing in individuals and families and of state and federal legislation in place for their protection is an essential component of oncology nursing practice. This article discusses the critical role of the oncology nurse in interacting with and providing information about GINA to patients in a cancer care setting engaged in genetic assessment.

Keywords: Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act; genetic discrimination; genetic testing.