A Multimodal Approach to Identify Clinically Relevant Biomarkers to Comprehensively Monitor Disease Progression in a Mouse Model of Pediatric Neurodegenerative Disease

Prog Neurobiol. 2020 Jun;189:101789. doi: 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2020.101789. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Abstract

While research has accelerated the development of new treatments for pediatric neurodegenerative disorders, the ability to demonstrate the long-term efficacy of these therapies has been hindered by the lack of convincing, noninvasive methods for tracking disease progression both in animal models and in human clinical trials. Here, we unveil a new translational platform for tracking disease progression in an animal model of a pediatric neurodegenerative disorder, CLN6-Batten disease. Instead of looking at a handful of parameters or a single "needle in a haystack", we embrace the idea that disease progression, in mice and patients alike, is a diverse phenomenon best characterized by a combination of relevant biomarkers. Thus, we employed a multi-modal quantitative approach where 144 parameters were longitudinally monitored to allow for individual variability. We use a range of noninvasive neuroimaging modalities and kinematic gait analysis, all methods that parallel those commonly used in the clinic, followed by a powerful statistical platform to identify key progressive anatomical and metabolic changes that correlate strongly with the progression of pathological and behavioral deficits. This innovative, highly sensitive platform can be used as a powerful tool for preclinical studies on neurodegenerative diseases, and provides proof-of-principle for use as a potentially translatable tool for clinicians in the future.

Keywords: Batten disease; Kinematic gait analysis; Magnetic resonance imaging; Neurodegenerative diseases; Principal component analysis; Translational biomarkers.