Combination of statin/vitamin D and metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC): a post hoc analysis of two randomized clinical trials

Clin Transl Oncol. 2020 Nov;22(11):2126-2129. doi: 10.1007/s12094-020-02334-6. Epub 2020 Mar 20.


In castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients, observational studies have reported that statins may boost the antitumor activity of abiraterone (AA) and data suggest an improvement in efficacy; conclusions with vitamin D are less clear but an eventual benefit has been pointed. We conducted a post hoc analysis of individual patient data of CRPC patients treated with prednisone and/or AA with or without statins/vitamin D on randomized clinical trials. In the COU-AA-301 trial, use of AA with statin and vitamin D reduced the risk of death by 38% (p = 0.0007) while AA alone was associated with a decrease of 10% (p = 0.025), compared to prednisone alone. Meanwhile, in the COU-AA-302 trial, use of AA plus statin plus vitamin D was associated with a reduced risk of death of 26% (p = 0.0054). In this data analysis from two prospective randomized clinical trials, statin and vitamin D use was associated with superior overall survival in metastatic CRPC patients treated with AA and prednisone. To our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting the impact of statin plus vitamin D in this population. New strategies using big data may help to clarify these questions easily and in a most cost-effective approach.

Keywords: Abiraterone; Castration-resistant prostate cancer; Statins; Survival; Vitamin D.

MeSH terms

  • Androstenes / therapeutic use
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / administration & dosage*
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Prednisone / therapeutic use
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / drug therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / mortality
  • Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant / pathology
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage*


  • Androstenes
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
  • Vitamin D
  • abiraterone
  • Prednisone