To comparatively evaluate the performance of the rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) system QMAC-dRAST V2.0 and of standard disk diffusion in agar, AST was performed directly from 100 positive blood culture bottles with Gram-negative bacilli. AST results provided by QMAC-dRAST showed 92.9% agreement with disk diffusion method results. Discrepancies observed between results obtained with QMAC-dRAST and disk diffusion method conducted to 10 very major errors (0.8%, S with QMAC-dRAST vs R with disk diffusion method), 40 major errors (3.2%, R vs S, respectively), 15 minor errors (1.2%, S vs I or I vs R, respectively) and 23 very minors errors (1.8%, I vs S or R vs I, respectively). For very major and major errors, in only 36% of the cases did the repeat QMAC-dRAST confirm the initial result, whereas a repeat AST using disk diffusion method confirmed the initial result in 92% of cases. AST results obtained using microdilution in liquid medium confirmed those obtained with QMAC-dRAST and disk diffusion method in 4% and 89%, respectively. Repeatability and reproducibility tests performed on QMAC-dRAST using reference strains showed 94% to 100% of R/S/I categorical agreement.
Keywords: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing; Automated susceptibility testing; Bacteremia; Blood culture; Gram-negative bacteria.
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