Background: The aim of this study is to describe a modification technique using the low-profile Cook Zenith Alpha™ thoracic stent graft, and addition of a preloaded wire system, for urgent repair of pararenal (PRA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA) aortic aneurysms.
Methods: We analyzed 20 consecutive patients who underwent urgent physician modified endograft repair (PMEG) of PRA and TAAA at 2 institutions. The low-profile Cook Zenith Alpha Thoracic stent graft was modified in accordance with each specific patient anatomic characteristics. End points were technical success, 30-day mortality, and major adverse events (MAEs).
Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients (100%). A total of 76 renal-mesenteric arteries were incorporated by fenestrations (70%) or directional branches (30%) with an average of 3.7 ± 0.6 vessels per patient. There were 6 different types of stent configuration. The most common design consisted of 4 fenestrations (9 patients, 45%). The average of modification time was 110 ± 27 minutes. Total procedure time (including the time for open component) was 242 ± 75 minutes. There was no death within the first 30 days or hospital stay. MAEs occurred in 10 patients (50%). The most common MAEs were acute kidney injury (by Risk, Injury, and Failure; and Loss; and End-stage kidney disease criteria) in 6 patients (30%), estimated blood loss >1 L, respiratory failure requiring reintubation in 2 patients (10%) each, and paraplegia and ischemic colitis in 1 patient (5%) each. One patient (5%) required temporary, new-onset dialysis.
Conclusions: PMEG using low-profile Zenith Alpha thoracic stent graft was safe with no early mortality and acceptable early morbidity.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.