Low-profile Zenith Alpha™ Thoracic Stent Graft Modification Using Preloaded Wires for Urgent Repair of Thoracoabdominal and Pararenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Ann Vasc Surg. 2020 Aug;67:14-25. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2020.02.022. Epub 2020 Mar 20.


Background: The aim of this study is to describe a modification technique using the low-profile Cook Zenith Alpha™ thoracic stent graft, and addition of a preloaded wire system, for urgent repair of pararenal (PRA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA) aortic aneurysms.

Methods: We analyzed 20 consecutive patients who underwent urgent physician modified endograft repair (PMEG) of PRA and TAAA at 2 institutions. The low-profile Cook Zenith Alpha Thoracic stent graft was modified in accordance with each specific patient anatomic characteristics. End points were technical success, 30-day mortality, and major adverse events (MAEs).

Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients (100%). A total of 76 renal-mesenteric arteries were incorporated by fenestrations (70%) or directional branches (30%) with an average of 3.7 ± 0.6 vessels per patient. There were 6 different types of stent configuration. The most common design consisted of 4 fenestrations (9 patients, 45%). The average of modification time was 110 ± 27 minutes. Total procedure time (including the time for open component) was 242 ± 75 minutes. There was no death within the first 30 days or hospital stay. MAEs occurred in 10 patients (50%). The most common MAEs were acute kidney injury (by Risk, Injury, and Failure; and Loss; and End-stage kidney disease criteria) in 6 patients (30%), estimated blood loss >1 L, respiratory failure requiring reintubation in 2 patients (10%) each, and paraplegia and ischemic colitis in 1 patient (5%) each. One patient (5%) required temporary, new-onset dialysis.

Conclusions: PMEG using low-profile Zenith Alpha thoracic stent graft was safe with no early mortality and acceptable early morbidity.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery*
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / surgery*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
  • Endovascular Procedures / adverse effects
  • Endovascular Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minnesota
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents*
  • Switzerland
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome