Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2020 Mar;37(1):7-14.
doi: 10.5114/biolsport.2020.89936. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

One Night of Sleep Deprivation Impairs Executive Function but Does Not Affect Psychomotor or Motor Performance

Affiliations
Free PMC article

One Night of Sleep Deprivation Impairs Executive Function but Does Not Affect Psychomotor or Motor Performance

Albertas Skurvydas et al. Biol Sport. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

The current study assessed the impact of one night of sleep deprivation on cognitive, motor and psychomotor performance. Thirty healthy young adult male subjects completed a 24 h control or 24 h sleep deprived trial. For the control trial, participants (N = 15) were allowed normal night sleep (~8 h). For the sleep deprived trial, participants (N = 15) did not sleep for 24 h. Cognitive performance during go/no-go, Stroop and simple reaction tasks, psychomotor performance during speed-accuracy tasks with fixed and unfixed targets, and motor performance during countermovement jump, hand grip strength, and 30-s maximal voluntary contraction tasks were evaluated on day 1 at 8 am and 7 pm and on day 2 at 8 am. One night of sleep deprivation impaired psychological well-being and executive function but did not affect simple reaction time, the capacity for arm and leg muscle contraction, motor control performance during a speed-accuracy task with both fixed and unfixed targets, and central and peripheral motor fatigue in the 30 s maximal voluntary contraction task. The present study showed that one night of sleep deprivation resulted in executive function deterioration but did not modify motor control or maximal effort requiring performance of motor tasks.

Keywords: Central fatigue; Cognitive function; Maximal voluntary contraction; Sleep loss; Speed–accuracy task.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors certify that there is no conflict of interest with any financial organization regarding the material discussed in the manuscript.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

References

    1. Cohen-Zion M, Shabi A, Levy S, Glasner L, Wiener A. Effects of partial sleep deprivation on information processing speed in adolescence. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2016;22(4):388–398. - PubMed
    1. Fullagar HH, Skorski S, Duffield R, Hammes D, Coutts AJ, Meyer T. Sleep and athletic performance: the effects of sleep loss on exercise performance, and physiological and cognitive responses to exercise. Sports Med. 2015;45(2):161–186. - PubMed
    1. Knutson KL, Spiegel K, Penev P, Van Cauter E. The metabolic consequences of sleep deprivation. Sleep Med. 2007;11(3):163–178. Rev. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Santhi N, Horowitz TS, Duffy DF, Czeisler CA. Acute sleep deprivation and circadian misalignment associated with transition onto the first night of work impairs visual selective attention. PLOS One. 2007;11:1233. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Lim J, Dinges DF. Sleep deprivation and vigilant attention. Sleep. 2008;1129:305–322. - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback