Background: Brodalumab is a fully human anti-interleukin-17 receptor A monoclonal antibody efficacious for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.
Objective: This study summarizes malignancy rates in psoriasis clinical studies of brodalumab.
Methods: Data were pooled from one phase II study and three large, multicenter, phase III randomized studies of brodalumab for the treatment of psoriasis, including two studies with randomization to brodalumab, ustekinumab, or placebo. Data from the 52-week (brodalumab and ustekinumab) and long-term (brodalumab) pools were summarized as exposure-adjusted or follow-up time-adjusted event rates per 100 patient-years (PY).
Results: Exposure-adjusted event rates per 100 PY at 52 weeks were lower with brodalumab (n = 4019; 3446 total PY of exposure) than with ustekinumab (n = 613; 495 total PY of exposure), including adjudicated malignancies (0.9 vs 2.6) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-adjudicated malignancies (0.3 vs 0.4). The exposure-adjusted event rate of adjudicated malignancies in the brodalumab group remained stable in the long-term analysis (0.9 [82 events]).
Conclusions: Rates of malignancy among brodalumab-treated patients with psoriasis were generally low.