COVID-19 Epidemic in the Middle Province of Northern Italy: Impact, Logistics, and Strategy in the First Line Hospital

Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020 Jun;14(3):372-376. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.51. Epub 2020 Mar 24.


The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) began in China in early December 2019 and rapidly has spread to many countries around the globe, with the number of confirmed cases increasing every day. An epidemic has been recorded since February 20 in a middle province in Northern Italy (Lodi province, in the low Po Valley). The first line hospital had to redesign its logistical and departmental structure to respond to the influx of COVID-19-positive patients who needed hospitalization. Logistical and structural strategies were guided by the crisis unit, managing in 8 days from the beginning of the epidemic to prepare the hospital to be ready to welcome more than 200 COVID-19-positive patients with different ventilatory requirements, keeping clean emergency access lines, and restoring surgical interventions and deferred urgent, routine activity.

Keywords: COVID-19; emergency; public health; strategy.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19
  • Civil Defense / methods
  • Civil Defense / trends
  • Coronavirus Infections / complications*
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Health Resources / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Resources / supply & distribution
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Hospitals / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Organization and Administration / standards*
  • Organization and Administration / statistics & numerical data
  • Pandemics / prevention & control
  • Pandemics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / complications*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology