Observed effect of femoral component undersizing and a collarless design in the development of radiolucent lines in cementless total hip arthroplasty

Arthroplast Today. 2020 Jan 6;6(1):99-103. doi: 10.1016/j.artd.2019.11.009. eCollection 2020 Mar.

Abstract

Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of radiolucent lines (RLLs) around the femoral component in a cohort of patients who underwent well-functioning cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: A cohort of unrevised Corail (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA) femoral components (n = 636) were analyzed at a median follow-up of 6.0 years (interquartile range: 5.2-6.8) with the Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and radiographs. Two independent observers assessed the radiographs for the presence of RLLs.

Results: The overall prevalence of RLLs in zone 7 was 13% (83/636). Patients with RLLs in zone 7 had an average OHS of 40.3 (15-48), and those who did not have RLLs in zone 7 had an average OHS of 38 (6-48), P = .07. Both groups had an average pain score of 1.6 out of 5, P = .5. The prevalence of RLLs in zone 7 was much less in the collared femoral components (2.6% prevalence) than in the collarless components (23.6% prevalence), but there was heterogeneity between these 2 groups preventing comparison. Logistic regression analysis of only the collarless components identified undersizing as the only predictive (odds ratio = 2.6) factor for RLL development in zone 7.

Conclusions: Undersizing the Corail stem is strongly predictive of developing RLLs in zone 7. Preoperative templating for the appropriate size is critical. We observed more RLLs in zone 7 with the collarless design Corail, but a comparison study with the same bearing couple is needed to investigate this further.

Keywords: Cementless; Collar; Corail; Hip; Templating; Uncemented.