Fungal Cell Wall and Methyl-β-Cyclodextrin Synergistically Enhance Paclitaxel Biosynthesis and Secretion in Corylus avellana Cell Suspension Culture

Sci Rep. 2020 Mar 25;10(1):5427. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-62196-4.


Paclitaxel is the top-selling chemotherapeutic drug used for the treatment of lung, ovarian and breast cancer as well as Kaposi's sarcoma. Cell suspension culture (CSC) of Corylus avellana has been addressed as a promising alternative for producing paclitaxel. In this study, endophytic fungus strain YEF33 was isolated from Taxus baccata and identified as Coniothyrium palmarum. The effects of the elicitors derived from this fungus including cell extract, culture filtrate and cell wall (CW) and also chitin, alone or in combination with Methyl-β-Cyclodextrin (MBCD), on paclitaxel biosynthesis in C. avellana CSC were assayed for the first time. CW of C. palmarum was the most efficient fungal elicitor for paclitaxel biosynthesis in C. avellana CSC. The results revealed that MBCD affected paclitaxel biosynthesis differently depending on fungal elicitor type and vice versa. MBCD, either alone or in combination with fungal elicitors, induced a high secretion of paclitaxel, suggesting the decrement of toxicity and retro-inhibition processes of paclitaxel for cells. The joint effects of C. palmarum CW (2.5% (v/v) on 17th day) and 50 mM MBCD synergistically enhanced paclitaxel biosynthesis (402.4 µg l-1; 5.8-fold), 78.6% of which (316.5 µg l-1) were secreted into culture medium, a level 146% higher than that in control.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ascomycota / metabolism*
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods
  • Cell Wall / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Corylus / drug effects*
  • Corylus / metabolism*
  • Culture Media / metabolism
  • Paclitaxel / metabolism*
  • Suspensions / metabolism
  • Taxus / metabolism*
  • beta-Cyclodextrins / pharmacology*


  • Culture Media
  • Suspensions
  • beta-Cyclodextrins
  • methyl-beta-cyclodextrin
  • Paclitaxel