Pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms and risk factors at the first year of postpartum women: a cross-sectional study

Contemp Nurse. 2020 Apr;56(2):132-145. doi: 10.1080/10376178.2020.1749099. Epub 2020 Apr 7.


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) symptoms experienced the first year of postpartum and obstetric risk factors. Methods: This research was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study was conducted with 408 women between 3 and 12 months postpartum, in İzmir. Results: It was found that urinary incontinence had been experienced by 33.3% of the women during pregnancy and 25.2% postpartum and 2.9% had experienced fecal incontinence. Other frequently experienced symptoms of PFD were in the order of frequency, perineal pain (53.4%), constipation (40.7%), flatulence (34.1%), dyspareunia (27.7%) and fecal incontinence (2.9%). Conclusion: PFD symptoms are common in postpartum women. Early diagnosis, treatment and preventive approaches should be made by healthcare professionals for perinatal pelvic floor health. Impact statement: Healthcare professionals should acknowledge the importance of PFD after birth and identify the problems early period. Our study emphasizes the size of the problem and improvement for PFD.

Keywords: biopsychosocial model; childbirth; incontinence; pelvic floor disorders; perinatal care; perineal pain.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Fecal Incontinence / etiology*
  • Fecal Incontinence / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pelvic Floor Disorders / etiology*
  • Pelvic Floor Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Postpartum Period / physiology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey
  • Urinary Incontinence / etiology*
  • Urinary Incontinence / physiopathology*