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Meta-Analysis
. 2020 Mar;99(13):e19708.
doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000019708.

Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics Supplementation in Prediabetes: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Meta-Analysis

Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics Supplementation in Prediabetes: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Xuqin Du et al. Medicine (Baltimore). .
Free article

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes is increasing rapidly, and 5% to 10% of prediabetic patients will develop diabetes every year. Diabetes causes major health problems as well as a large economic burden. Human studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics supplementation in prediabetes. However, there are no systematic reviews that explore the therapeutic efficacy of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics supplementation in patients with prediabetes. Therefore, we aim to synthesize the existing evidence evaluating the effectiveness and safety of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics supplementation in prediabetic patients.

Methods: We will search PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the Clinical Trials.gov website, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal Database, and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform from inception to August 2020. Additionally, the search will be conducted in multiple languages. Search terms are keywords and medical subject headings related to prediabetes, probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics. The primary outcomes are differences in glycated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose. The secondary outcomes are differences in fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, and adverse events. The meta-analysis will be performed using the Revman5.3.0 software provided by the Cochrane Collaboration.

Results: Our study will systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics supplementation in prediabetes.

Conclusion: The findings of this study will provide the best available evidence for probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics in the treatment of prediabetes, and provide a strong basis for clinical treatment.

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