Robotic versus Laparoscopic Sigmoid Colectomy: Analysis of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Database

Am Surg. 2020 Mar 1;86(3):256-260.


Minimally invasive sigmoid colectomy via the laparoscopic approach (LA) has numerous benefits. We seek to compare outcomes between laparoscopic and robotic sigmoid colectomies. We analyzed the data using the National Inpatient Sample database between 2008 and 2014. Utilization and outcome measures were compared. The seven-year average number of patients who underwent elective sigmoid colectomy in the United States from 2008 to 2014 was estimated to be 197,053. Of these, 95.1 per cent were conducted using the LA. The mean age was 58.33 + 13.6 years and 58.23 + 12.8 years in laparoscopic and robotic approaches, respectively. No significant differences existed in respect to morbidities. Postoperative complications were comparable with respect to other complications. Length of hospital stay was statistically significantly shorter in the robot-assisted approach compared with the LA (mean 4.8 + 4 vs 5.7 + 5 days, respectively, P < 0.001). Patients who underwent robotic surgery had significantly higher total hospital charges than those who underwent laparoscopic surgery (median $45,057 vs $57,871 USD, P < 0.001). The advent of robot-assisted surgery has provided more options for patients and surgeons. Compared with laparoscopy, robot-assisted sigmoid colectomy has no clinical advantages in morbidity and mortality. However, the robotic approach has a significantly higher total charge to the patient.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Colectomy / economics
  • Colectomy / methods*
  • Colon, Sigmoid / surgery
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Databases, Factual
  • Elective Surgical Procedures / economics
  • Elective Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Care Costs
  • Hospital Costs*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / economics
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Length of Stay / economics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Operative Time
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / economics*
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • United States