[Diagnosis, clinical presentation and triage criteria of emergency patients admitted for chest pain: prospective study of 278 cases]

Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1988 Dec 17;118(50):1921-5.
[Article in French]


A prospective study of the clinical findings and transfer decision in 278 patients admitted to the emergency ward for chest pain showed that a combination of 115 clinical and ECG data makes it possible to predict 86% of acute myocardial infarctions and unstable angina (specificity 76%). However, the diagnosis of the emergency medical team was adequate in 91% of cases, yielding a 5% rate of unjustified admissions to the intensive care unit. Therefore, the utility of a decision algorithm based upon clinical and ECG data, as proposed by American authors, is questionable. Finally, the indication for transfer to the intensive care unit was not followed in a quarter of patients due to old age and/or associated diseases.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms
  • Angina Pectoris / diagnosis*
  • Chest Pain / diagnosis*
  • Chest Pain / etiology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Triage*