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. 2020 Mar 30;21(1):65.
doi: 10.1186/s12881-020-00999-y.

Obesity-related Loci in TMEM18, CDKAL1 and FAIM2 Are Associated With Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in Chinese Han Patients

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Free PMC article

Obesity-related Loci in TMEM18, CDKAL1 and FAIM2 Are Associated With Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in Chinese Han Patients

Jing Kang et al. BMC Med Genet. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: Several obesity susceptibility loci in genes, including GNPDA2, SH2B1, TMEM18, MTCH2, CDKAL1, FAIM2, and MC4R, have been identified by genome-wide association studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether these loci are associated with the concurrence of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Chinese Han patients.

Methods: Using the SNaPshot technique, we genotyped seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 439 Chinese patients living in Northeast China who presented at The Second Hospital of Jilin University. We analyzed the associations between these seven alleles and clinical characteristics.

Results: Risk alleles near TMEM18 (rs6548238) were associated with increased waist circumference, waist/hip ratio, body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; risk alleles of CDKAL1 (rs7754840) were associated with increased waist circumference and waist/hip ratio; and FAIM2 (rs7138803) risk alleles were linked to increased BMI, diastolic blood pressure, and triglycerides (all P < 0.05). After adjusting for sex and age, loci near TMEM18 (rs6548238) and FAIM2 (rs7138803), but not SH2B1 (rs7498665), near GNPDA2 (rs10938397), MTCH2 (rs10838738) and near MC4R (rs12970134), were associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes in obese individuals.

Conclusion: We found that loci near TMEM18 (rs6548238), CDKAL1 (rs7754840), and FAIM2 (rs7138803) may be associated with obesity-related indicators, and loci near TMEM18 (rs6548238) and FAIM2 (rs7138803) may increase susceptibility of concurrent type 2 diabetes associated with obesity.

Keywords: Genetic variants; Obesity; SNP; Type 2 diabetes.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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